Endothelial release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) regulates fibrinolysis and is considered to be a primary endogenous defense mechanism against thrombosis. Adiposity is associated with an increased risk of atherothrombotic events. Van Guilder GP et al (2005) determined the influence of overweight and obesity on the capacity of the vascular endothelium to release t-PA and the effects of regular aerobic exercise on endothelial t-PA release in previously sedentary overweight and obese adults. The study results indicate that overweight and obesity are associated with profound endothelial fibrinolytic dysfunction. Importantly, however, regular aerobic exercise can increase the capacity of the endothelium to release t-PA in this at-risk population.